Long-term effects of a universal prevention program for depression in children: a 3-year follow-up study
Article first published online: 10 APR 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Child and Adolescent Mental Health © 2012 Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health.
Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Volume 18, Issue 2, pages 103–108, May 2013
How to Cite
Sato, S., Ishikawa, S.-i., Togasaki, Y., Ogata, A. and Sato, Y. (2013), Long-term effects of a universal prevention program for depression in children: a 3-year follow-up study. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 18: 103–108. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-3588.2012.00665.x
- Issue published online: 11 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 10 APR 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 MAR 2012
- Universal prevention;
The present study evaluates the long-term effects of a universal prevention approach for depression in children. It looks into the 2- and 3-year follow-ups of previously reported postintervention and 1-year outcomes.
One hundred and eighty-nine 3rd grade (8–9 years old) children participated in a five-session, school-based, universal prevention program designed to encourage social skills and peer support. The study was conducted from 2006 to 2009 in two public schools in Miyazaki, the south main island of Japan.
Depressive symptoms decreased significantly from the pre to the postintervention periods, and this effect was maintained. Furthermore, children in the prevention group showed significantly lower depression than the normative sample.
This study reveals the beneficial long-term effects of a universal approach.