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How do schools promote emotional well-being among their pupils? Findings from a national scoping survey of mental health provision in English schools

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Abstract

Background

Schools play an important role in promoting child mental health, but little is known about the approaches they undertake.

Methods

A scoping survey in England, involving 599 primary and 137 secondary schools.

Results

Although two thirds of school approaches focused on all pupils, these were predominantly reactive, rather than preventive interventions. They were also largely not evidence-based, were instead based on a plan while open to adaptation. Gaps were identified in teacher training and support.

Conclusions

The findings have implications on the use of preventive versus reactive approaches, staff training and consultation, use of evidence-based practice in schools and joint care pathways.

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