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Parallel metaheuristics: recent advances and new trends



The field of parallel metaheuristics is continuously evolving as a result of new technologies and needs that researchers have been encountering. In the last decade, new models of algorithms, new hardware for parallel execution/communication, and new challenges in solving complex problems have been making advances in a fast manner. We aim to discuss here on the state of the art, in a summarized manner, to provide a solution to deal with some of the growing topics. These topics include the utilization of classic parallel models in recent platforms (such as grid/cloud architectures and GPU/APU). However, porting existing algorithms to new hardware is not enough as a scientific goal, therefore researchers are looking for new parallel optimization and learning models that are targeted to these new architectures. Also, parallel metaheuristics, such as dynamic optimization and multiobjective problem resolution, have been applied to solve new problem domains in past years. In this article, we review these recent research areas in connection to parallel metaheuristics, as well as we identify future trends and possible open research lines for groups and PhD students.