Received 14 April 1999, 15 July 1999.
RAW MATERIALS OF GLASS FROM AMARNA AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE ORIGINS OF EGYPTIAN GLASS*
Article first published online: 7 SEP 2007
Volume 42, Issue 1, pages 141–151, February 2000
How to Cite
SHORTLAND, A. J. and TITE, M. S. (2000), RAW MATERIALS OF GLASS FROM AMARNA AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE ORIGINS OF EGYPTIAN GLASS. Archaeometry, 42: 141–151. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2000.tb00872.x
- Issue published online: 7 SEP 2007
- Article first published online: 7 SEP 2007
- NEW KINGDOM;
- RAW MATERIALS;
Analysis has been conducted on 19 blue glasses from Amarna in Middle Egypt dated to around 1350 BC. The results suggest that these glasses fall into two distinct types: cobalt coloured glasses with a natron based alkali made from local Egyptian materials, and copper coloured glasses with a plant ash alkali, which follow a Mesopotamian tradition of glass making. It is suggested that at least some of this copper/plant ash glass is imported into Egypt during the Amarna period despite extensive local production of cobalt/natron glass. Existing analyses (Lilyquist and Brill 1995) of the earliest glass from the reign of Tuthmosis III (c. 1450 BC) suggest that during this period the same two types of glass are present. Local Egyptian cobalt and natron in these early glasses implies that, despite the lack of archaeological evidence for production sites, glass was produced from its raw materials in Egypt as early as the reign of Tuthmosis III.