Stuiver et al. (1998): CALIB 4.1.2 (range @1 sigma, rounded to nearest 10 years).
ASSESSING WHAT LIES BENEATH THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF A ZOOARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD: THE USE OF GIS AND SPATIAL CORRELATIONS AT EL MIRÓN CAVE (SPAIN)*
Article first published online: 14 AUG 2008
© University of Oxford, 2008
Volume 51, Issue 3, pages 506–524, June 2009
How to Cite
ARROYO, A. B. M. (2009), ASSESSING WHAT LIES BENEATH THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF A ZOOARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD: THE USE OF GIS AND SPATIAL CORRELATIONS AT EL MIRÓN CAVE (SPAIN)*. Archaeometry, 51: 506–524. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2008.00411.x
- Issue published online: 5 MAY 2009
- Article first published online: 14 AUG 2008
- *Received 6 December 2007; accepted 12 March 2008
- SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION;
- LOCAL DENSITY ANALYSIS;
- LATE GLACIAL;
- EL MIRÓN CAVE;
- CANTABRIAN SPAIN
Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are being incorporated into archaeology as a technique to improve the understanding of spatial organization and the relationships among finds within specific areas. Although their use as a basic tool in predicting the location of archaeological sites or in assessing the extent of their catchment areas is relatively common, in general, they have less often been applied to the study of the spatial distribution of archaeological remains within individual deposits, and in particular to faunal assemblages. Despite this, they can prove essential to understanding dispersion and grouping patterns within deposits fully, and, together with various correlation analytical techniques, they provide valuable information about the economic organization of settlements and inhabitant lifeways. To demonstrate the potential of this methodology, a zooarchaeological GIS has been prepared for the Middle and Late Magdalenian and Azilian layers in El Mirón Cave (eastern Cantabria, Spain), and the spatial distribution patterns of various attributes of the archaeological record have been analysed. Significant conclusions in terms of type and duration of human occupation have been drawn.