DECORATED ARCHAIC POTTERY FROM THE HERACLES SANCTUARY AT THEBES: A MATERIALS, TECHNOLOGY AND PROVENANCE STUDY*

Authors

  • G. MASTROTHEODOROS,

    1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Ioannina, 45 110, Ioannina, Greece
    2. Laboratory of Archaeometry, Institute of Materials Science, NCSR Demokritos, 15 310 Ag. Paraskevi, Attiki, Greece
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  • K. G. BELTSIOS,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Ioannina, 45 110, Ioannina, Greece
      email kgbelt@cc.uoi.gr
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  • N. ZACHARIAS,

    1. Laboratory of Archaeometry, Department of History, Archaeology and Cultural Resources Management, University of Peloponnese, 24 100 Old Camp, Kalamata, Greece
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  • V. ARAVANTINOS,

    1. 9th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Museum of Thebes, 22 120 Thebes, Greece
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  • K. KALLIGA

    1. 9th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Museum of Thebes, 22 120 Thebes, Greece
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email kgbelt@cc.uoi.gr

Abstract

Forty-seven decorated samples of Archaic pottery excavated at a Heracles sanctuary (Thebes, Boeotia) were studied through a combined surface and body approach, using non-destructive techniques. Most of the samples were archaeologically classified as Theban/Boeotian, others as Corinthian and a few as possibly Euboean. The techniques employed were optical microscopy and SEM–EDAX (micromorphology and compositional analysis of the surfaces) and XRF for the analysis of the ceramic body. The results provided information on the technological level of the collected pottery as well as on the relation of the chemistry and micromorphology of the pigments, aimed at assisting provenance studies.

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