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Keywords:

  • Egypt;
  • Old Kingdom;
  • mathematics;
  • physics;
  • pyramids;
  • ramps;
  • construction;
  • workforce;
  • time

Archaeological aspects of the various building methods are reviewed, paying special attention to the construction method described by Müller-Römer (2011) and the reason behind the stepped shape of Menkaure's pyramid. The main purpose is to present an alternative description of the building process according to this method, based on the physical principles of force and power. It is shown that this approach leads to results that are generally applicable and permits adjustment of the transportation capacity of the proposed system by adjusting the slope of the ramps.