Meeting the challenges of urban river habitat restoration: developing a methodology for the River Thames through central London



The River Thames is a heavily engineered urban system in recovery, though absence of habitat in the reaches through central London has restricted recovery in this area, making habitat creation or improvement a restoration priority. Here we discuss the pre-disturbance Thames, its current ecological status, and then present a methodology for establishing habitat restoration potential through central London. Habitats primarily supporting ecological communities include inter-tidal foreshore and artificial structures, and novel techniques for improving these habitats are under development. It is hoped that such approaches along the Thames will provide a template for habitat creation along other large urban rivers.