*We would like to thank Peta Amott for research assistance and Michelle Scollo, Victorian Smoking and Health Program, for her extremely helpful comments, advice and assistance with some of die data used in this paper. We also thank an anonymous referee and an editor of this journal for their comments on an earlier draft and the Australian Research Council for financial assistance. Any errors in the paper are our responsibility.
Cigarette and Tobacco Consumption: Have Anti-Smoking Policies Made a Difference?
Version of Record online: 22 OCT 2007
Volume 75, Issue 3, pages 225–240, September 1999
How to Cite
BARDSLEY, P. and OLEKALNS, N. (1999), Cigarette and Tobacco Consumption: Have Anti-Smoking Policies Made a Difference?. Economic Record, 75: 225–240. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4932.1999.tb02452.x
- Issue online: 22 OCT 2007
- Version of Record online: 22 OCT 2007
The consumption of cigarette and tobacco products in Australia is modelled using the rational addiction theory of Becker and Murphy, augmented by data on advertising, regulatory intervention, and demographic factors. Over the past 35 years, price (including tobacco taxes), real income, and demographic effects explain most of the variation in tobacco consumption. Advertising by tobacco companies has had a relatively small direct effect on consumption. Work-place smoking bans and health warnings on cigarette packs have had a relatively minor impact, while anti-smoking advertising and bans on electronic media advertising have had no detectable direct effect.