*The authors thank Robert Dixon, Peter Kennedy, Robert Toutkoushian, and two anonymous referees for their comments on an early draft. They also thank the Victorian Board of Studies for their permission to use the data. Parts of this draft were prepared through the support of the Universities of Adelaide, Melbourne, and South Australia, provided to Becker on visiting appointments.
The Relationship between Multiple Choice and Essay Response Questions in Assessing Economics Understanding
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
Volume 75, Issue 4, pages 348–357, December 1999
How to Cite
BECKER, W. E. and JOHNSTON, C. (1999), The Relationship between Multiple Choice and Essay Response Questions in Assessing Economics Understanding. Economic Record, 75: 348–357. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4932.1999.tb02571.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
Efficiency considerations have led to increased use of multiple-choice questions to assess economics understanding at the secondary and tertiary levels throughout Australia. A multiple-choice test would suffice if multiple-choice and essay questions measure the same dimensions of knowledge, as suggested by least squares estimation of the relationship between these two forms of testing. We show a simultaneous equation bias inherent in least squares estimation of the relationship between these two forms. A two-stage least squares estimation reveals no relationship, implying that these testing forms measure different dimensions of knowledge. Thus, a single form of testing economics knowledge must be avoided.