• theory and research;
  • research practice;
  • history of discipline;
  • human geography;
  • physical geography

The Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) annual Medals and Awards recognise achievements in geographical research, fieldwork, exploration, photography, teaching, and in enthusing public audiences. The speeches and citations are a record of the ceremony of 2011. With comments by Dr Sylvia Earle, Professors David Livingstone, Stuart Elden, John Lowe and Lewis Owen, the speeches provide insights into contemporary geography – from archival research to unexplored oceans, political geography to tectonically active mountain belts. President Michael Palin's introduction provides a background to the awards, which links earlier geographical exploration and its modern counterparts.