Note: Garry Barrett was a visitor at the Australian National University during the preparation of this paper and thanks members of that institution for their hospitality. The authors also thank Michael Veall and seminar participants at the Australian National University for comments and suggestions. The usual caveat applies.
DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS AND CONSUMPTION INEQUALITY IN AUSTRALIA BETWEEN 1975 AND 1993
Version of Record online: 8 MAR 2005
Review of Income and Wealth
Volume 46, Issue 4, pages 437–456, December 2000
How to Cite
Barreti, G. F., Crossley, T. F. and Worswick, C. (2000), DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS AND CONSUMPTION INEQUALITY IN AUSTRALIA BETWEEN 1975 AND 1993. Review of Income and Wealth, 46: 437–456. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4991.2000.tb00410.x
- Issue online: 8 MAR 2005
- Version of Record online: 8 MAR 2005
We examine trends in consumption inequality among Australian households using the Australian Bureau of Statistics Household Expenditure Surveys collected over the period 1975 to 1993. We find that the distribution of consumption is much more equal than that of income and that both income and consumption inequality rose by significant amounts over the period. However, consumption inequality rose by much less (the Gini coefficient for income inequality rose by 17 percent while that for nondurable consumption rose by 9 percent). We then examine the effects of demographic trends, specifically population aging and changing family structures, and find they account for only a minor fraction in the overall growth in economic inequality.