Note: The Small Area and Administrative Data Division of Statistics Canada provided access to the LAD data upon which this study is based. Don McDougall, Roger Sceviour, and Steve McBride provided excellent computing assistance.
LONG-RUN INEQUALITY AND SHORT-RUN INSTABILITY OF MEN'S AND WOMEN'S EARNINGS IN CANADA
Article first published online: 17 JUN 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Review of Income and Wealth © 2010 International Association for Research in Income and Wealth
Review of Income and Wealth
Volume 56, Issue 3, pages 572–596, September 2010
How to Cite
Beach, C. M., Finnie, R. and Gray, D. (2010), LONG-RUN INEQUALITY AND SHORT-RUN INSTABILITY OF MEN'S AND WOMEN'S EARNINGS IN CANADA. Review of Income and Wealth, 56: 572–596. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4991.2010.00406.x
- Issue published online: 12 AUG 2010
- Article first published online: 17 JUN 2010
This paper examines the variability of workers’ earnings in Canada over the period 1982–2006. We decompose the total variance of workers’ earnings into a ‘permanent’ component between workers and a ‘transitory’ earnings instability component over time for given workers. We then investigate the statistical relationships between these components and indicators for the business cycle. The most marked change in earnings variances in Canada since 1982 is the general rise in total earnings variance, which is essentially driven by a quite dramatic rise in long-run earnings inequality. The patterns across age categories of the two variance components are almost opposite. Long-run earnings inequality generally rises with age, but earnings instability is seen to generally decline with age, so that earnings instability is markedly highest among entry age workers. Unemployment rate effects are positive on almost all variance measures, while higher unemployment is associated with widened long-run earnings differentials and greater short-run earnings instability.