Gender, Time Use, and Children's and Adolescents' Well-Being: Implications for Public Policies


  • Submitted May 2012.

  • This paper is based on the research carried out by the authors as part of the international project ‘Measuring Interaction between Quality of Life, Children, Well-Being, Work and Public Policies’, supported by the Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Modena (FCRMO), and of the Spanish National R&D Plan project ‘Time Use Study of the Spanish Labour Market’ (ECO2008-05325) and the Andalusian R&D project ‘Andalusian Care Economy: Supply and Demand for Care Services, Deficit and Impacts of Public Policies on Employment, Social Services, Growth and Gender Equality’ (P09-SEJ-4833).


This paper has two main goals. The first is to analyse and measure gender differences in children's and adolescents' well-being by using a capability approach. The second aim is to identify the parameters that can help design policies to improve children's and adolescents' well-being. The econometric model used is a multiple indicator multiple causes (MIMIC) model, belonging to the class of structural equation models. The estimation is done on a sample of 10- to 17-year-old girls and boys and uses micro-data from the Spanish Time Use Survey (2002–03). Results show that parents' working time, both paid and unpaid, is a determinant of children's well-being. Gender differences are also especially significant, consequently posing important policy implications.