Address correspondence to Yuhua Bao, Ph.D., Center for Community Partnerships in Health Promotion, Department of Medicine/General Internal Medicine, UCLA, 1100 Glendon Ave., Suite 2010, Los Angeles, CA 90024. Roland Sturm, Ph.D., is with RAND, Santa Monica, CA.
The Effects of State Mental Health Parity Legislation on Perceived Quality of Insurance Coverage, Perceived Access to Care, and Use of Mental Health Specialty Care
Article first published online: 26 AUG 2004
Health Services Research
Volume 39, Issue 5, pages 1361–1378, October 2004
How to Cite
Bao, Y. and Sturm, R. (2004), The Effects of State Mental Health Parity Legislation on Perceived Quality of Insurance Coverage, Perceived Access to Care, and Use of Mental Health Specialty Care. Health Services Research, 39: 1361–1378. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2004.00294.x
We thank Nick Emptage for helpful comments on an earlier draft of the paper. This research was funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (R01 MH62124) and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
- Issue published online: 26 AUG 2004
- Article first published online: 26 AUG 2004
- Mental health parity legislation;
- health care access;
- insurance coverage;
- mental health specialty care
Objective. To assess the impacts of recent state mental health parity legislation on perceived quality of health insurance coverage, perceived access to needed health care, and use of mental health specialty services by individuals with likely need for mental health care.
Data Sources. The study sample came from two waves of a national household survey first fielded in 1997–1998 and then in 2000–2001. The analysis used a subset of the sample.
Study Design. The study took the Difference-in-Difference-in-Difference approach to investigate changes in self-perceived quality of health insurance coverage and access to needed health care, and use of mental health specialty care by the group with mental disorders (relative to those without) in states with parity legislation of different comprehensiveness (relative to the nonparity states) in the years after the law (relative to before the law).
Principal Findings. Overall, there were no significant or consistent effects of the parity legislation. Descriptive statistics showed significant changes in some (but not all) outcome variables, but these results disappeared in detailed statistical analyses by controlling for important covariates.
Conclusions. The null findings of the effects of state mental health parity mandates suggest that under ERISA (Employee Retirement Income Security Act), the scope of state parity legislation may have been restricted because of large proportion of self-insured employers. Furthermore, comprehensiveness of state legislation appears to be related to the traditional level of use of mental health specialty care, which becomes another confounder for the potential policy effects.