Rural Residents with Disabilities Confront Substantial Barriers to Obtaining Primary Care

Authors

  • Lisa I. Iezzoni,

    1. Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue RO-137, Boston, MA 02215,
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    • Address correspondence to Lisa I. Iezzoni, M.D., M.Sc., Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue RO-137, Boston, MA 02215. Mary B. Killeen, MA, is with the Cherry Engineering Support Services Inc. (McLean, VA), Alexandria, VA. Bonnie L. O'Day, Ph.D., is with the Cornell University Institute for Policy Research (Washington, DC), Alexandria, VA.

  • Mary B. Killeen,

    1. Cherry Engineering Support Services Inc.
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  • Bonnie L. O'Day

    1. Cornell University Institute for Policy Research (Washington, DC), Alexandria, VA
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Abstract

Objective. To learn about the health care experiences of rural residents with disabilities.

Study Setting. Rural areas in Massachusetts and Virginia.

Study Design. Local centers for independent living recruited 35 adults with sensory, physical, or psychiatric disabilities to participate in four focus group interviews.

Data Collection Methods. Verbatim transcripts of interviews were reviewed to identify major themes.

Principal Findings. Interviewees described the many well-recognized impediments to health care in rural America; disability appears to exacerbate these barriers. Interviewees reported substantial difficulties finding physicians who understand their disabilities and sometimes feel that they must teach their local doctors about their underlying conditions. Interviewees described needing to travel periodically to large medical centers to get necessary specialty care. Many are poor and are either uninsured or have Medicaid coverage, complicating their searches for willing primary care physicians. Because many cannot drive, they face great difficulties getting to their local doctor and especially making long trips to urban centers. Available public transportation often is inaccessible and unreliable. Physicians' offices are sometimes located in old buildings that do not have accessible entrances or equipment. Based on their personal experiences, interviewees perceive that rural areas are generally less sensitive to disability access issues than urban areas.

Conclusions. Meeting the health care needs of rural residents with disabilities will require interventions beyond health care, involving transportation and access issues more broadly.

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