Address correspondence to Julia C. Prentice, Ph.D., Health Services Research Fellow, Health Care Financing and Economics, VA Boston Health Care System, 150 Huntington Avenue, Mail Stop 152H, Boston, MA 02130. Steven D. Pizer, Ph.D., is with the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA.
Delayed Access to Health Care and Mortality
Article first published online: 31 AUG 2006
Health Services Research
Volume 42, Issue 2, pages 644–662, April 2007
How to Cite
Prentice, J. C. and Pizer, S. D. (2007), Delayed Access to Health Care and Mortality. Health Services Research, 42: 644–662. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2006.00626.x
- Issue published online: 31 AUG 2006
- Article first published online: 31 AUG 2006
- Delayed access to care;
- wait times
Objective. To measure the relationship between time spent waiting for health care services and patients' mortality.
Data Source. Data on the number of days until the next available appointment at 89 Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers in 2001 were extracted from a VA administrative database. These facility-level data were merged with individual-level data for a sample of veterans who visited a VA geriatric outpatient clinic in 2001. The merged dataset includes facility-level data on waiting times and individual-level data on demographics, health status (e.g., diagnoses), and mortality.
Study Design. This was a retrospective observational study using secondary data from administrative sources. The dependent variable was mortality within a 6-month follow-up period. The main explanatory variable of interest was VA facility-level wait times for outpatient visits measured in number of days. Random effects logistic regression models were risk adjusted for prior individual health status and facility-level differences in case mix.
Principal Findings. Veterans who visited a VA medical center with facility-level wait times of 31 days or more had significantly higher odds of mortality (odds ratio=1.21, p=0.027) compared with veterans who visited a VA medical center with facility-level wait times of <31 days.
Conclusions. Our findings support the largely assumed association between long wait times for outpatient health care and negative health outcomes, such as mortality. Future research should focus on the causes of long waits for health care (e.g., physician reimbursement levels), the consequences of long waits in other populations, and effective policies to decrease long waits for health care services.