Address correspondence to Binod Khadria, Ph.D., Professor of Economics, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 10067, India; or Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore (BTC), 469A Tower Block #10-01, Bukit Timah Road, Singapore 259770.
International Nurse Recruitment in India
Article first published online: 20 MAR 2007
Health Services Research
Volume 42, Issue 3p2, pages 1429–1436, June 2007
How to Cite
Khadria, B. (2007), International Nurse Recruitment in India. Health Services Research, 42: 1429–1436. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2007.00718.x
- Issue published online: 20 MAR 2007
- Article first published online: 20 MAR 2007
- nurse exodus;
- recruitment agency;
- push and pull factors;
Objective. This paper describes the practice of international recruitment of Indian nurses in the model of a “business process outsourcing” of comprehensive training-cum-recruitment-cum-placement for popular destinations like the United Kingdom and United States through an agency system that has acquired growing intensity in India.
Findings. Despite the extremely low nurse to population ratio in India, hospital managers in India are not concerned about the growing exodus of nurses to other countries. In fact, they are actively joining forces with profitable commercial ventures that operate as both training and recruiting agencies. Most of this activity is concentrated in Delhi, Bangalore, and Kochi.
Conclusions. Gaps in data on nursing education, employment, and migration, as well as nonstandardization of definitions of “registered nurse,” impair the analysis of international migration of nurses from India, making it difficult to assess the impact of migration on vacancy rates. One thing is clear, however, the chain of commercial interests that facilitate nurse migration is increasingly well organized and profitable, making the future growth of this business a certainty.