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Association of Experiences of Medical Home Quality with Health-Related Quality of Life and School Engagement among Latino Children in Low-Income Families

Authors

  • Gregory D. Stevens,

    1. University of Southern California, Alhambra, CA
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  • Christina Vane,

    1. M.P.H., 1000 S. Fremont Ave., Unit #80, Alhambra, CA
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    • Address correspondence to Christina Vane, M.P.H., 1000 S. Fremont Ave., Unit #80, Alhambra, CA 91803; e-mail: christinavane@gmail.com. Gregory D. Stevens, Ph.D., M.H.S., Assistant Professor of Family Medicine, is with the Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Alhambra, CA. Michael R. Cousineau, Dr.P.H., Associate Professor of Research, is with the Departments of Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine and the School of Policy Planning and Development, University of Southern California, Alhambra, CA.

  • Michael R. Cousineau

    1. University of Southern California, Alhambra, CA
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Abstract

Objective. This study examines whether patient-reported indicators of a quality medical home are associated with measures of health among Latino children in low-income families.

Data Sources. Data on 3,258 children ages 2–18 years are from a cross-sectional survey of parents of children affiliated with California's Healthy Kids insurance.

Study Design. Medical home quality was assessed using the Parents' Perception of Primary Care and was associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) overall and in four domains (physical, emotional, social, and school/daycare) and four measures of school engagement.

Principal Findings. A higher total medical home score was associated with a higher total Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory score and scores in four subdomains (total beta [B]=1.77, physical B=1.71, social B=1.36, emotional B=2.22, and school/daycare B=1.69, all p<0.001). It was also associated with missing fewer than three school days due to illness (odds ratio [OR]=1.12, 95 percent confidence intervals [CI]: 1.05, 1.19), excellent/above average school performance overall (OR=1.10, 95 percent CI: 1.03, 1.17) and performance in reading (OR=1.13, 95 percent CI: 1.06, 1.20) and math (OR=1.10, 95 percent CI: 1.03, 1.16).

Conclusions. Patient-reported medical home quality indicators are favorably associated with HRQOL and measures of school engagement among Latino children in low-income families.

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