Bridging the Gap Between Research and Health Policy – Insights From Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars
State-Level Variations in Racial Disparities in Life Expectancy
Article first published online: 8 NOV 2011
© Health Research and Educational Trust
Health Services Research
Volume 47, Issue 1pt2, pages 544–555, February 2012
How to Cite
Bharmal, N., Tseng, C.-H., Kaplan, R. and Wong, M. D. (2012), State-Level Variations in Racial Disparities in Life Expectancy. Health Services Research, 47: 544–555. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2011.01345.x
- Issue published online: 12 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 8 NOV 2011
- Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program
- UCLA National Service Research Award. Grant Number: T32 PE19001
- Life expectancy;
- United States
To explore state patterns in the racial life expectancy gap.
The 1997–2004 Multiple Cause of Death PUF, 2000 U.S. Census.
We calculated life expectancy at birth for black and white men and women.
Data Extraction Methods
Data were obtained by the NCHS and U.S. Census Bureau.
States with small racial differences are due to higher-than-expected life expectancy for blacks or lower-than-expected for whites. States with large disparity are explained by higher-than-average life expectancy among whites or lower-than-average life expectancy among blacks.
Heterogeneous state patterns in racial disparity in life expectancy exist. Eliminating disparity in states with large black populations would make the greatest impact nationally.