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Keywords:

  • Chronic disease;
  • patient assessment/satisfaction;
  • LISREL

Objective

To examine how the relationship between patient characteristics, patient experience with the health care system, and overall satisfaction with care varies with illness complexity.

Data Sources/Study Setting

Telephone survey in 14 U.S. geographical areas.

Study Design

Structural equation modeling was used to examine how relationships among patient characteristics, three constructs representing patient experience with the health care system, and overall satisfaction with care vary across patients by number of chronic illnesses.

Data Collection/Extraction Methods

Random digital dial telephone survey of adults with one or more chronic illnesses.

Principal Findings

Patients with more chronic illnesses report higher overall satisfaction. The total effects of better patient–provider interaction and support for patient self-management are associated with higher satisfaction for all levels of chronic illness. The latter effect increases with illness burden. Older, female, or insured patients are more satisfied; highly educated patients are less satisfied.

Conclusions

Providers seeking to improve their patient satisfaction scores could do so by considering patient characteristics when accepting new patients or deciding who to refer to other providers for treatment. However, our findings suggest constructive actions that providers can take to improve their patient satisfaction scores without selection on patient characteristics.