Teaching Hospital Financial Status and Patient Outcomes Following ACGME Duty Hour Reform
Article first published online: 2 AUG 2012
© Health Research and Educational Trust
Health Services Research
Volume 48, Issue 2pt1, pages 476–498, April 2013
How to Cite
Navathe, A. S., Silber, J. H., Small, D. S., Rosen, A. K., Romano, P. S., Even-Shoshan, O., Wang, Y., Zhu, J., Halenar, M. J. and Volpp, K. G. (2013), Teaching Hospital Financial Status and Patient Outcomes Following ACGME Duty Hour Reform. Health Services Research, 48: 476–498. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2012.01453.x
- Issue published online: 8 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 2 AUG 2012
- National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Grant Number: R01 HL082637
- Resident duty hour reform;
- quality of care;
- hospital financial health;
- patient outcomes;
- health policy
To examine whether hospital financial health was associated with differential changes in outcomes after implementation of 2003 ACGME duty hour regulations.
Data Sources/Study Setting
Observational study of 3,614,174 Medicare patients admitted to 869 teaching hospitals from July 1, 2000 to June 30, 2005.
Interrupted time series analysis using logistic regression to adjust for patient comorbidities, secular trends, and hospital site. Outcomes included 30-day mortality, AHRQ Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs), failure-to-rescue (FTR) rates, and prolonged length of stay (PLOS).
All eight analyses measuring the impact of duty hour reform on mortality by hospital financial health quartile, in postreform year 1 (“Post 1”) or year 2 (“Post 2”) versus the prereform period, were insignificant: Post 1 OR range 1.00–1.02 and Post 2 OR range 0.99–1.02. For PSIs, all six tests showed clinically insignificant effect sizes. The FTR rate analysis demonstrated nonsignificance in both postreform years (OR 1.00 for both). The PLOS outcomes varied significantly only for the combined surgical sample in Post 2, but this effect was very small, OR 1.03 (95% CI 1.02, 1.04).
The impact of 2003 ACGME duty hour reform on patient outcomes did not differ by hospital financial health. This finding is somewhat reassuring, given additional financial pressure on teaching hospitals from 2011 duty hour regulations.