We thank three anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments on an earlier draft. We also thank Eric Capaul, Kirstin Carlson, and Jodie Rapkin for their assistance with data collection and coding.
Perceived benefits and costs of romantic relationships for women and men: Implications for exchange theory
Article first published online: 20 MAY 2005
Volume 1, Issue 1, pages 5–21, March 1994
How to Cite
SEDIKIDES, C., OLIVER, M. B. and CAMPBELL, W. K. (1994), Perceived benefits and costs of romantic relationships for women and men: Implications for exchange theory. Personal Relationships, 1: 5–21. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6811.1994.tb00052.x
- Issue published online: 20 MAY 2005
- Article first published online: 20 MAY 2005
This investigation examined the perceived benefits and costs of romantic (i.e., reciprocal dating) relationships. In Study 1, subjects provided open-ended reports regarding the benefits and costs associated with romantic involvement. Different groups of subjects ranked (Study 2) and rated (Study 3) these benefits and costs for importance. Companionship, happiness, and feeling loved or loving another were among the most important benefits accompanying romantic involvement. The most serious costs included stress and worry about the relationship, social and nonsocial sacrifices, and increased dependence on the partner. Compared to males, females regarded intimacy, self-growth, self-understanding, and positive self-esteem as more important benefits, and regarded loss of identity and innocence about relationships and love as more important costs Alternatively, males regarded sexual gratification as a more important benefit, and monetary losses as a more serious cost than did females Implications for exchange theory are highlighted.