Get access

Environmental threat influences psychological distress and marital satisfaction among avoidantly attached individuals

Authors

  • ABIRA REIZER,

    Corresponding author
    1. Ariel University Center of Samaria, Israel
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Abira Reizer and Chaya Possick, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Ariel University Center of Samaria, Ariel, Israel; Tsachi Ein-Dor, School of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC), Herzliya, Israel.

  • CHAYA POSSICK,

    1. Ariel University Center of Samaria, Israel
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Abira Reizer and Chaya Possick, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Ariel University Center of Samaria, Ariel, Israel; Tsachi Ein-Dor, School of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC), Herzliya, Israel.

  • TSACHI EIN-DOR

    1. Interdisciplinary Center (IDC), Herzliya, Israel
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Abira Reizer and Chaya Possick, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Ariel University Center of Samaria, Ariel, Israel; Tsachi Ein-Dor, School of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC), Herzliya, Israel.


  • This research was supported by a grant from the regional R & D center Samaria and Jordan Rift.

Abira Reizer, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Ariel University Center of Samaria, Ariel 44837, Israel, e-mail: abirare@ariel.ac.il; abirar@netvision.net.il.

Abstract

This research examined the impact of stressful environments on marital relationships. In all, 133 Israeli couples exposed to different levels of terror threat and political uncertainty completed measures of attachment orientation, psychological distress, and marital satisfaction. Results indicated that in low-threat areas, spouses high on attachment avoidance did not express distress despite their marital dissatisfaction. In contrast, in high-threat areas, spouses high on attachment avoidance exhibited greater psychological distress, and psychological distress mediated the relation between attachment avoidance and marital dissatisfaction. Psychological distress only partially mediated the relation between attachment anxiety and marital dissatisfaction in the entire sample. The discussion stresses the importance of considering attachment dimensions when studying the effects of external stressors on marital relations.

Ancillary