Attachment styles in dating couples: Predicting relationship functioning over time

Authors

  • ASHLEY S. HOLLAND,

    Corresponding author
    1. Edgewood College
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    • Ashley S. Holland, Department of Psychology, Edgewood College;

  • R. CHRIS FRALEY,

    1. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
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    • R. Chris Fraley and Glenn I. Roisman, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

  • GLENN I. ROISMAN

    1. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
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    • R. Chris Fraley and Glenn I. Roisman, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.


  • This study is based on the dissertation of A.S.H. completed in the Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. This study was sponsored by a grant by the National Science Foundation (0443783) to R.C.F. and a Research Board award to G.I.R. from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Ashley S. Holland, Department of Psychology, Edgewood College, 1000 Edgewood College Drive, Madison, WI 53711, e-mail: ashleyholland@edgewood.edu.

Abstract

This study examined the associations between self-reported attachment style dimensions and romantic relationship functioning over 1 year in a sample of heterosexual dating couples between the ages of 18 and 25 (115 dyads at T1, 57 dyads at T2; 74% Caucasian). Relationship functioning was assessed at multiple levels of analysis via self-reports of interpersonal functioning, observers' ratings of dyadic interactions, and measures of autonomic responding during the interactions. No significant cross-sectional associations were found between attachment style dimensions and interpersonal functioning. However, individuals who reported greater attachment-related anxiety at T1 described their relationships as being of lower quality, were rated by observers as interacting less positively, and exhibited greater electrodermal reactivity during interactions 1 year later.

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