Lactate Kinetics in veterinary Critical Care: A Review


  • This manuscript supported in part by a grant from the American Animal Hospital Foundation.

College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences Colorado State University Fort Collins, CO80523


Elevation in blood lactate concentration, with or without accompanying metabolic acidosis, is a hallmark finding in patients with circulatory compromise, and is also consistently noted in other conditions affecting critically ill or injured individuals. Little is reported in a veterinary literature regarding lactate measurement in the emergency and critical care setting, despite impressive reports of the clinical usefulness of lactate measurement in people. The purpose of this article is to review lactate kinetics and the clinical utility of lactate measurement. Limitations to lactate evaluation will also be discussed.