Successful Treatment of Pericarditis in a Pregnant Llama

Authors

  • Bonnie S. Barr VMD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Clinical Studies, New Bolton Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Kennett Square, PA
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  • Olga Seco MRCVS,

    1. Department of Clinical Studies, New Bolton Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Kennett Square, PA
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  • Jane Axon BVSc, MACVSc,

    1. Department of Clinical Studies, New Bolton Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Kennett Square, PA
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  • Margaret M. Sleeper VMD, DACVIM,

    1. Department of Clinical Studies, New Bolton Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Kennett Square, PA
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  • A.N. Baird DVM, DACVS

    1. Department of Clinical Studies, New Bolton Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Kennett Square, PA
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Rood and Riddle Enquine Hospital, P.O. Box 12070, 2150 Georgetown Road, Lexington, Kentucky 40580

Abstract

Objective:To describe the diagnosis and treatment of a pregnanat llama with perticardlts.

Summary:A 2-year-old female llama presented for lethargy of several days' duration. Partinent physical examination findings included tachycardia. muffled heart sounds, tachpnea and lethargy. Electrocardiography revealed tachycardia, second-degree AV block and electrical alternans. Echocardiography confirmed the presence of pericardial effusion and cardiac compromise. Thoracic sonogram revealed pleural effusion. Treatment included intravenous fluids, systemic antimicrobials, systemic anti-inflammatories, thoracocentesis and eventual pericardiocentesis with daily drainage and lavage. No etiological agent was identified. The llama reponded well to therapy well to therapy and a 3.5-month and 2-year follow-up revealed no cardiac problems.

New information provided:This is the first case report of pericarditis in a llama with treatment and a favorable outcome.

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