Successful Treatment of Pericarditis in a Pregnant Llama
Article first published online: 1 JUL 2007
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume 11, Issue 4, pages 287–291, December 2001
How to Cite
Barr, B. S., Seco, O., Axon, J., Sleeper, M. M. and Baird, A.N. (2001), Successful Treatment of Pericarditis in a Pregnant Llama. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 11: 287–291. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-4431.2001.tb00068.x
- Issue published online: 1 JUL 2007
- Article first published online: 1 JUL 2007
- pleural effusion;
Objective:To describe the diagnosis and treatment of a pregnanat llama with perticardlts.
Summary:A 2-year-old female llama presented for lethargy of several days' duration. Partinent physical examination findings included tachycardia. muffled heart sounds, tachpnea and lethargy. Electrocardiography revealed tachycardia, second-degree AV block and electrical alternans. Echocardiography confirmed the presence of pericardial effusion and cardiac compromise. Thoracic sonogram revealed pleural effusion. Treatment included intravenous fluids, systemic antimicrobials, systemic anti-inflammatories, thoracocentesis and eventual pericardiocentesis with daily drainage and lavage. No etiological agent was identified. The llama reponded well to therapy well to therapy and a 3.5-month and 2-year follow-up revealed no cardiac problems.
New information provided:This is the first case report of pericarditis in a llama with treatment and a favorable outcome.