Diet-associated hepatic failure and immune-mediated hemolytic anemia in a Weimaraner

Authors

  • Ashley J. Smith DVM,

    1. From the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee-Knoxville, Knoxville, TN.
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  • Katherine A. Stenske DVM,

    1. From the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee-Knoxville, Knoxville, TN.
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  • Joseph W. Bartges DVM, PhD, DACVIM, DACVN,

    1. From the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee-Knoxville, Knoxville, TN.
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  • Claudia A. Kirk DVM, PhD, DACVN, DACVIM

    1. From the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee-Knoxville, Knoxville, TN.
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Address correspondence and reprint requests to:
Dr. Ashley Smith, Arboretum View Animal Hospital, 2551 Warrenville Road, Downers Grove, IL 60515.
E-mail: ajsdvm@hotmail.com

Abstract

Objective: To describe the medical and nutritional management of a 4-year-old Weimaraner with acute hepatic failure and immune-mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA) associated with consuming a commercial dog food.

Case summary: A 4-year-old male castrated Weimaraner developed signs of IMHA, hepatic failure, disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, and malnutrition after consuming a commercial dog food. During the course of hospitalization, medical management included immunosuppressive therapy and supportive care. Nutritional support consisted of both enteral and parenteral nutrition. The dog was discharged after 19 days of hospitalization and fully recovered by 6 months. An investigation by the Food and Drug Administration was not able to determine the exact cause of the acute hepatic failure and IMHA.

New information provided: This is the first case report documenting the medical and nutritional management of a critically ill animal associated with ingestion of this commercial dog food.

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