Acute peritonitis secondary to traumatic breeding in the bitch
Article first published online: 17 JUN 2005
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume 16, Issue 2, pages 128–130, June 2006
How to Cite
Morey, D. L. (2006), Acute peritonitis secondary to traumatic breeding in the bitch. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 16: 128–130. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-4431.2005.00152.x-i1
- Issue published online: 26 MAY 2006
- Article first published online: 17 JUN 2005
Objective: To discuss 2 cases of acute peritonitis caused by traumatic breeding in the bitch.
Series summary: Two bitches presented with acute abdominal pain, clinical signs, and laboratory abnormalities compatible with peritonitis. Both bitches were in estrus and had been observed copulating with male dogs prior to the onset of clinical signs. Diagnostic testing revealed bacterial peritonitis in both dogs, and intracellular and extracellular spermatozoa in ascites from 1 of the dogs. Surgical exploration revealed rupture of the uterine body and generalized peritonitis in both animals. Both bitches recovered following surgical and medical treatment.
New or unique information provided: This is the first reported series of cases of peritonitis secondary to traumatic breeding. These cases introduce a unique presentation for peritonitis and acute abdominal distress. Peritonitis because of traumatic seeding of the abdominal cavity with bacteria from the urogenital tract, with or without seminoperitoneum, should be considered for bitches presenting with appropriate history, signalment, and clinical signs.