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Keywords:

  • coagulation;
  • disseminated in travascular coagulation;
  • heparin;
  • monitoring;
  • thrombosis

Abstract

Objective: To describe the technique of thromboelastography (TEG) and review the applications of this coagulation test in humans and small animals.

Data sources: Data sources included scientific reviews and original research publications.

Human data synthesis: TEG in humans has been used for documentation of hypercoagulable and hypocoagulable states and has been shown to be beneficial in patient management.

Veterinary data synthesis: Clinical evaluation of TEG in veterinary medicine is limited; however, recent reports have documented evidence of hypercoagulability in dogs with parvovirus and protein-losing nephropathy. Additionally, many of the research models may be relevant to veterinary patients.

Conclusions: TEG provides information about coagulation that is not available through routine coagulation tests. The application of TEG monitoring to veterinary patients shows promise; however, prospective clinical studies are needed.