Organic acidemia in a young cat associated with cobalamin deficiency
Article first published online: 21 AUG 2007
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume 17, Issue 3, pages 299–304, September 2007
How to Cite
Kelmer, E., Shelton, G. D., Williams, D. A., Ruaux, C. G., Kerl, M. E. and O'Brien, D. P. (2007), Organic acidemia in a young cat associated with cobalamin deficiency. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 17: 299–304. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-4431.2007.00234.x
- Issue published online: 21 AUG 2007
- Article first published online: 21 AUG 2007
- metabolic acidosis;
- organic aciduria
Objective: To describe a case of severe metabolic acidosis and encephalopathy secondary to cobalamin (Cbl) deficiency in a young cat.
Case summary: A 4-year-old spayed female domestic short hair cat weighing 2.5 kg, presented with a 2-day history of neurological signs referable to the cerebrum. The cat was evaluated for similar episodes twice before, however, no definitive diagnosis was made for either visit. On presentation the cat was minimally responsive and had a metabolic acidosis and ketonuria with no apparent reason, such as lactic acidosis or diabetic ketoacidosis. The patient was diagnosed postmortem with an organic acidemia secondary to low Cbl levels.
New or unique information provided: The purpose of this report is to alert emergency clinicians to be suspicious of an organic acidemia in any case of metabolic acidosis and ketonuria that cannot be explained. Early identification of inherited organic acidemias in domestic animals may allow prompt and appropriate treatment of these conditions.