Xylitol intoxication associated with fulminant hepatic failure in a dog
Article first published online: 21 AUG 2007
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume 17, Issue 3, pages 286–289, September 2007
How to Cite
Todd, J. M. and Powell, L. L. (2007), Xylitol intoxication associated with fulminant hepatic failure in a dog. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 17: 286–289. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-4431.2007.00243.x
- Issue published online: 21 AUG 2007
- Article first published online: 21 AUG 2007
- artificial sweetener;
- liver failure;
Objective: To describe a case of xylitol intoxication causing fulminant hepatic failure in a dog.
Case summary: A 2.5-year-old castrated male English Springer Spaniel weighing 26 kg, was presented after ingestion of half of a loaf of bread containing the sweetener xylitol. Toxic effects of the xylitol in this dog included vomiting, mild hypoglycemia and fulminant hepatic failure. Clinical management of acute hepatic failure and subsequent coagulopathy with supportive care and fresh frozen plasma is described. The dog was discharged 3 days after admission after a full clinical recovery.
New or unique information provided: This paper describes the clinical consequence and successful treatment of fulminant hepatic failure in a dog following ingestion of xylitol.