Xylitol intoxication associated with fulminant hepatic failure in a dog

Authors

  • Jeffrey M. Todd DVM,

    1. Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minneapolis, MN
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  • Lisa L. Powell DVM, DACVECC

    1. Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minneapolis, MN
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Address correspondence and reprint requests to:
Dr. Jeffrey M. Todd, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1365 Gortner Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55108.
E-mail: Toddx013@umn.edu

Abstract

Objective: To describe a case of xylitol intoxication causing fulminant hepatic failure in a dog.

Case summary: A 2.5-year-old castrated male English Springer Spaniel weighing 26 kg, was presented after ingestion of half of a loaf of bread containing the sweetener xylitol. Toxic effects of the xylitol in this dog included vomiting, mild hypoglycemia and fulminant hepatic failure. Clinical management of acute hepatic failure and subsequent coagulopathy with supportive care and fresh frozen plasma is described. The dog was discharged 3 days after admission after a full clinical recovery.

New or unique information provided: This paper describes the clinical consequence and successful treatment of fulminant hepatic failure in a dog following ingestion of xylitol.

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