Disseminated candidiasis secondary to fungal and bacterial peritonitis in a young dog
Article first published online: 21 APR 2009
© Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2009
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume 19, Issue 2, pages 193–198, April 2009
How to Cite
Rogers, C. L., Gibson, C., Mitchell, S. L., Keating, J. H. and Rozanski, E. A. (2009), Disseminated candidiasis secondary to fungal and bacterial peritonitis in a young dog. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 19: 193–198. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-4431.2009.00405.x
- Issue published online: 21 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 21 APR 2009
- critical care;
- opportunistic infection;
- surgical wound dehiscence
Objective – To describe a severe case of bacterial sepsis and disseminated candidiasis in a previously healthy dog.
Case Summary – Fungal sepsis was identified in a 2-year-old dog following intestinal dehiscence 4 days after abdominal surgery. Septic peritonitis was identified at admission and evidence of dehiscence at the previous enterotomy site was found during an exploratory laparotomy. Both gram-positive cocci and Candida albicans were cultured from the abdominal cavity. Candida sp. was also subsequently cultured from a central venous catheter. Euthanasia was performed due to failure to respond to therapy. Fungal organisms, morphologically consistent with Candida spp., were found in the lungs and kidney on postmortem histopathologic examination indicating disseminated candidiasis.
New or Unique Information Provided – Candida peritonitis is a well-recognized entity in humans and contributes to morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Abdominal surgery, intestinal perforation, presence of central venous catheters, and administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics are all considered to be suspected risk factors. This report describes the first known case of systemic candidiasis occurring secondary to Candida peritonitis and bacterial sepsis in a critically ill dog.