The authors have declared no conflicts.
Brown recluse spider (Loxosceles reclusa) envenomation in small animals
Article first published online: 28 JUL 2009
© Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2009
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume 19, Issue 4, pages 329–336, August 2009
How to Cite
Pace, L. B. and Vetter, R. S. (2009), Brown recluse spider (Loxosceles reclusa) envenomation in small animals. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 19: 329–336. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-4431.2009.00440.x
- Issue published online: 12 AUG 2009
- Article first published online: 28 JUL 2009
- matrix metalloproteinases;
- sphingomyelinase D
Objective – To provide a comprehensive review of relevant literature regarding the brown recluse spider (BRS) and to define those criteria that must be satisfied before making a diagnosis of brown recluse envenomation.
Etiology – The complex venom of the BRS contains sphingomyelinase D, which is capable of producing all the clinical signs in the human and some animal models.
Diagnosis – There is no current commercially available test. In humans there are many proposed guidelines to achieve a definitive diagnosis; however, there are no established guidelines for veterinary patients.
Therapy – Currently, no consensus exists for treatment of BRS envenomation other than supportive care, which includes rest, thorough cleaning of the site, ice, compression, and elevation.
Prognosis – Prognosis varies based on severity of clinical signs and response to supportive care.