The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Trauma-associated acute mesenteric ischemia in a dog
Article first published online: 1 OCT 2010
© Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2010
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume 20, Issue 6, pages 595–600, December 2010
How to Cite
Hamilton, T. R., Thacher, C. W., Forsee, K. M. and Nakamura, R. K. (2010), Trauma-associated acute mesenteric ischemia in a dog. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 20: 595–600. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-4431.2010.00582.x
- Issue published online: 17 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 1 OCT 2010
- Submitted September 18, 2009; Accepted August 23, 2010.
- Gastrointestinal injury;
- Gastrointestinal tract surgery
Objective – To describe the successful management of acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) in a dog.
Case Summary – An 11-year-old, 21.4 kg, male castrated Rough-Coated Collie was referred for evaluation of an acute abdomen following sustaining injuries in a vehicular accident. On presentation to the hospital, clinicopathologic assessments were within normal limits and distended intestinal loops were evident on abdominal palpation. Plain and contrast radiography demonstrated diffusely distended gas-filled intestinal loops with a delayed barium transit time. Emergency surgical exploration was performed. The cecum and the proximal two-thirds of the colon were dark purple to black in color and there were no palpable pulses in the mesenteric arteries associated with the cecum and colon. The cecum and proximal two-thirds of the colon were resected and an ileocolic anastomosis was performed. The dog recovered well from surgery and was discharged 2 days later. Histopathologic examination was consistent with AMI.
New or Unique Information Provided – AMI is uncommonly reported in human medicine and is a rare complication from even minor blunt abdominal trauma. This is the first reported case of trauma-associated AMI in a dog.