This work was carried out at Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, 4474 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-4474.
Spontaneous echocardiographic contrast in three dogs
Article first published online: 4 APR 2011
© Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2011
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume 21, Issue 2, pages 158–165, April 2011
How to Cite
Ralph, A. G., Saunders, A. B., Hariu, C. D. and Nabity, M. (2011), Spontaneous echocardiographic contrast in three dogs. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 21: 158–165. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-4431.2011.00624.x
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
- Issue published online: 4 APR 2011
- Article first published online: 4 APR 2011
- Submitted August 20, 2010; Accepted January 20, 2011.
- thromboembolic disease;
Objective – To describe the clinical presentation and outcome in 3 dogs with spontaneous echocardiographic contrast (SEC).
Case or Series Summary – SEC was identified in 3 dogs with concurrent hyperfibrinogenemia. The dogs were diagnosed with different underlying conditions including infective endocarditis of the mitral valve (Case 1), presumptive Evan's syndrome (Case 2), and presumptive sepsis (Case 3). Various therapies were used in each case directed at their underlying condition, in addition to thromboprophylaxis that were based upon a perceived risk of thromboembolic disease. The 3 dogs in this series survived to discharge and had good outcome during the follow-up period, which ranged from 3 weeks to 7 months.
New or Unique Information Provided – SEC is considered a marker for thromboembolic disease in people and can occur in dogs in the absence of significant cardiomegaly. SEC in these 3 dogs may be related to the documented hyperfibrinogenemia. Further investigation is warranted to determine whether dogs with SEC are at an increased risk for thromboembolic complications.