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Keywords:

  • antifreeze;
  • feline;
  • fomepizole;
  • toxicology

Abstract

Objective – To describe the clinical experience and therapeutic use of fomepizole (4-methylpyrazole [4-MP]) in 3 cats with naturally occurring ethylene glycol (EG) toxicity.

Case or Series Summary – All cats were documented to be EG positive by an ethylene glycol test kit. This report describes the dose of 4-MP used, available clinicopathological data, and clinical progression during hospitalization. All patients survived to discharge.

New or Unique Information Provided – IV use of 4-MP at 125 mg/kg as an initial dose and 31.25 mg/kg at 12, 24, and 36 hours is safe and effective for treatment of naturally occurring EG toxicity in cats. Increased HCO3 concentrations were noted after IV use of 4-MP. This is the first report documenting the successful treatment of naturally occurring EG intoxication in cats with 4-MP.