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Keywords:

  • aerobic infection;
  • elective surgery;
  • skin healing;
  • wound healing

Abstract

Objective

To compare tissue oxygen saturation in ovariohysterectomized dogs recovering postoperatively on room air versus nasal oxygen insufflation.

Design

Prospective clinical study.

Setting

University teaching hospital.

Animals

Twenty dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy.

Interventions

Dogs were randomized to breathe either room air or 100 mL/kg/min of nasal oxygen insufflation for 2 hours postoperatively. Tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) was evaluated at 2 mm and 20 mm lateral to the surgical incision, as well as in the inguinal region using a noninvasive tissue oximeter.

Measurements and Main Results

In dogs recovered on nasal oxygen insufflation (n = 10), tissue oxygen saturation was significantly higher—20 mm from the surgical site (88.44 ± 2.50%, P = 0.02) and in the inguinal region (83.56 ± 1.91%, P = 0.032)— compared to dogs recovered on room air (n = 10, 79.11% ± 2.50 and 77.12% ± 1.91, respectively).

Conclusions

In ovariohysterectomized dogs, oxygen supplementation for 2 hours postoperatively improves tissue oxygen saturation 20 mm adjacent to the linea alba and in the inguinal region. Oxygen supplementation in postoperative dogs is an inexpensive and easily applicable method to improve tissue oxygen saturation.