Autologous blood transfusion following red blood cell salvage for the management of blood loss in 3 dogs with hemoperitoneum

Authors

  • Caroline Hirst BVetMed, MRCVS,

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, United Kingdom
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  • Sophie Adamantos BVSc, DACVECC, MRCVS


  • No offprints will be provided by the authors.

  • The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to

Ms. Sophie Adamantos, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield, AL9 7TA, United Kingdom.

Email: sadamantos@rvc.ac.uk

Abstract

Objective

To describe the use of autologous transfusion using a red blood cell salvage device for the management of large volume hemorrhage in 3 dogs with hemoperitoneum.

Case Series Summary

Three dogs were managed for large volume hemorrhage by autologous transfusion of red blood cells after cell salvage. In all cases, blood was salvaged from the abdominal cavity during surgery. The causes of hemorrhage included testicular arterial hemorrhage after castration, hepatic parenchymal hemorrhage following hepatic dissection for intrahepatic portosystemic shunt ligation, and intra-abdominal serosal hemorrhage associated with Angiostrongylus vasorum infection. In all cases, autologous transfusion was not associated with any identified complications and contributed to improved cardiovascular stability and packed cell volume.

New or Unique Information Provided

This case series is the first to describe the use of a semiautomated red blood cell salvage system for the clinical management of acute hemorrhage in dogs. This case series provides evidence that this procedure can be used safely and effectively for the management of clinical hemorrhage. On this basis, further veterinary evaluation can be justified.

Ancillary