RECOVER Advanced Life Support Domain Worksheet Authors are listed in the Appendix.
RECOVER evidence and knowledge gap analysis on veterinary CPR. Part 4: Advanced life support
Article first published online: 7 JUN 2012
© Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2012
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Special Issue: Reassessment Campaign on Veterinary Resuscitation: Evidence and Knowledge Gap Analysis on Veterinary CPR
Volume 22, Issue s1, pages S44–S64, June 2012
How to Cite
Rozanski, E. A., Rush, J. E., Buckley, G. J., Fletcher, D. J., Boller, M. and the RECOVER Advanced Life Support Domain Worksheet Authors (2012), RECOVER evidence and knowledge gap analysis on veterinary CPR. Part 4: Advanced life support. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 22: S44–S64. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-4431.2012.00755.x
The authors and collaborators declare no conflicts of interest.
- Issue published online: 7 JUN 2012
- Article first published online: 7 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 26 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Received: 19 MAR 2012
- cardiac arrest;
To systematically evaluate the evidence of the effect of advanced life support techniques on outcome in veterinary cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and to outline knowledge gaps.
Standardized, systematic evaluation of the literature, categorization of relevant articles according to level of evidence and quality, and development of consensus on conclusions for application of the concepts to clinical practice.
Academia, referral practice, and general practice
Sixteen population, intervention, control group, outcome questions were evaluated to determine if recommendations could be made concerning drug therapy, including vasopressors, vagolytics, corticosteroids, reversal agents, buffer therapy, and correction of electrolyte disturbances. Electrical defibrillation strategies as well as other advanced interventions such as open-chest CPR, impedance threshold devices, and special considerations regarding anesthesia-related cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) were also investigated.
There is strong evidence supporting the use of standard-dose (0.01 mg/kg) epinephrine in CPR, as well as early electrical defibrillation for animals experiencing CPA due to ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia, preferentially using a biphasic defibrillator. For CPA due to certain causes and with the availability of advanced postcardiac arrest support, open chest CPR is preferred. Many knowledge gaps regarding other pharmacologic and advanced therapies were identified, and further studies are recommended to better systematically address these questions.