The authors declare no conflict of interest.
State of the Art Review
Measurement of intra-abdominal pressure in dogs and cats
Article first published online: 30 OCT 2012
© Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2012
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Volume 22, Issue 5, pages 530–544, October 2012
How to Cite
Smith, S. E. and Sande, A. A. (2012), Measurement of intra-abdominal pressure in dogs and cats. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 22: 530–544. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-4431.2012.00799.x
- Issue published online: 30 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 30 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Received: 16 JUL 2011
- abdominal compartment syndrome;
- intra-abdominal hypertension;
- monitoring techniques
To review and summarize the human and veterinary literature on intra-abdominal pressure measurement techniques.
Human and veterinary clinical studies, research articles, reviews, and textbooks with no date restrictions with a focus on techniques for intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) measurement and their limitations.
Human Data Synthesis
Human literature has established the intravesicular method as the gold standard for indirect measurement of IAP. However, current research has explored the intragastric method as a valid alternative. Recently, debate has focused on the shortcomings of the various measurement methods.
Veterinary Data Synthesis
Early human literature using dogs as models contributed to the original data for IAP measurements in small animals. Since that time, a number of clinical studies and 1 case report have contributed to that original information. A reference interval for IAP measured by the intravesicular method has recently been determined in healthy cats.
Further studies investigating IAP in critically ill veterinary patients are required to establish the optimal technique for this measurement in veterinary medicine.