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Keywords:

  • transient receptor potential ankyrin-1 (TRPA1);
  • Cav3.2;
  • T-type calcium channel;
  • hydrogen sulfide;
  • pain;
  • hyperalgesia;
  • allodynia

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE

Hydrogen sulfide, a gasotransmitter, facilitates somatic pain signals via activation of Cav3.2 T-type calcium channels in rats. Given evidence for the activation of transient receptor potential ankyrin-1 (TRPA1) channels by H2S, we asked whether TRPA1 channels, in addition to Cav3.2 channels, contribute to the H2S-induced mechanical hyperalgesia and allodynia in mice.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH

Mechanical hyperalgesia and allodynia were evaluated by the von Frey test in mice. Cav3.2 or TRPA1 channels in the sensory neurons were silenced by repeated intrathecal administration of antisense oligodeoxynucleotides in mice.

KEY RESULTS

Intraplantar administration of NaHS evoked hyperalgesia and allodynia in mice, an effect attenuated or abolished by NNC 55–0396 or mibefradil, T-type calcium channel blockers, and by ascorbic acid or zinc chloride, known to selectively inhibit Cav3.2 channels, out of the three isoforms of T-type calcium channels. Silencing of Cav3.2 channels in the sensory neurons also prevented the NaHS-induced hyperalgesia and allodynia in mice. The NaHS-induced hyperalgesia and allodynia in mice were significantly suppressed by AP18, a TRPA1 channel blocker, and by silencing of TRPA1 channels in the sensory neurons.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS

Mechanical hyperalgesia and allodynia induced by NaHS/H2S required activation of both Cav3.2 and TRPA1 channels in mice.