The authors thank two anonymous referees and the Editor for their very helpful comments on previous versions of the paper. This research was partly funded by Spanish MCYT and FEDER aid SEJ2005-090029.
Productivity and Environmental Performance in Marketing Cooperatives: An Analysis of the Spanish Horticultural Sector
Article first published online: 20 SEP 2006
Journal of Agricultural Economics
Volume 57, Issue 3, pages 479–500, September 2006
How to Cite
Galdeano-Gómez, E., Céspedes-Lorente, J. and Rodríguez-Rodríguez, M. (2006), Productivity and Environmental Performance in Marketing Cooperatives: An Analysis of the Spanish Horticultural Sector. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 57: 479–500. doi: 10.1111/j.1477-9552.2006.00061.x
- Issue published online: 20 SEP 2006
- Article first published online: 20 SEP 2006
- (Original submitted September 2005, revision received February 2006, accepted May 2006.)
- environmental performance;
- horticultural sector;
- marketing cooperative;
- parametric approach;
The paper analyses the productivity of marketing cooperatives incorporating environmental inputs/outputs. In the European agriculture, expectations for attaining sustainable and competitive agriculture rely to a great extent on the cooperative sector's ability to adapt to new market conditions. These challenges have led marketing cooperatives in the fruit and vegetables sector to consider improvements in productivity and sound environmental performance. The study analyses the total factor productivity related to environmental variables in this sector using a parametric-stochastic approach and panel data on Spanish cooperatives over the period 1994–2002. Additionally, the determinants of environmental productivity are examined econometrically. The estimates obtained show an increase in efficiency for the period under study and a relationship between productivity changes and management factors, such as labour quality, capital intensity and environmental spillover.