Both authors are based in the Department of Food Economics and Consumption Studies, University of Kiel, Olshausenstrasse 40, 24118 Kiel, Germany. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org for correspondence. The authors have benefitted from the comments and suggestions of two anonymous reviewers and the journal editor. Any remaining errors are their own.
The Adoption of Genetically Modified Cotton and Poverty Reduction in Pakistan
Article first published online: 30 NOV 2009
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 The Agricultural Economics Society
Journal of Agricultural Economics
Volume 61, Issue 1, pages 175–192, February 2010
How to Cite
Ali, A. and Abdulai, A. (2010), The Adoption of Genetically Modified Cotton and Poverty Reduction in Pakistan. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 61: 175–192. doi: 10.1111/j.1477-9552.2009.00227.x
- Issue published online: 15 JAN 2010
- Article first published online: 30 NOV 2009
- (Original submitted May 2009, revision received August 2009, accepted October 2009.)
- Agricultural biotechnology;
- Bt cotton;
- impact assessment;
- propensity score matching
This article employs a propensity score-matching approach to examine the direct effects of adoption of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cotton on yields, pesticide demand, household income and poverty, using cross-sectional data from a survey of farmers in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Generally, the findings reveal that adoption of the new technology exerts a positive and significant impact on cotton yields, household income and poverty reduction, and a negative effect on the use of pesticides. The positive and significant impact of the technology on yields and household income is consistent with the potential role of new agricultural technology in directly reducing rural poverty through increased farm household income.