Andrea Zimmermann is the contact author and both authors are with the Institute for Food and Resource Economics, University of Bonn, Nussallee 21, Bonn 53115, Germany. E-mail: email@example.com for correspondence. The work was partially funded by the Directorate-General for Research of the EU-Commission in the context of the SEAMLESS Integrated Project, EU 6th Framework Programme, Contract No. 010036-2. The authors thank three anonymous referees and the editor for their very useful comments during the review process.
Structural Change of European Dairy Farms – A Cross-Regional Analysis
Article first published online: 27 AUG 2012
© 2012 The Agricultural Economics Society
Journal of Agricultural Economics
Volume 63, Issue 3, pages 576–603, September 2012
How to Cite
Zimmermann, A. and Heckelei, T. (2012), Structural Change of European Dairy Farms – A Cross-Regional Analysis. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 63: 576–603. doi: 10.1111/j.1477-9552.2012.00355.x
- Issue published online: 27 AUG 2012
- Article first published online: 27 AUG 2012
- (Original submitted November 2010, revision received July 2011, accepted April, 2012.)
- dairy farms;
- Markov chain analysis;
- structural change
Previous analyses of dairy farm structural change focus on the variation over time in one or a small number of regions. We present an EU-15 cross-regional analysis of the development of dairy farm numbers in different size classes over the period 1995–2005. Our purpose is to measure the explanatory relevance and effect of key factors suggested in the theoretical and empirical literature on structural change. Apart from the unprecedented scope, the underlying Markov chain analysis also contributes by combining observed transitions in micro (farm level) data with macro (sector level) data on farm numbers. Results show widely significant impacts of most considered explanatory variables, but also reflect and illuminate the complexity of the underlying processes.