This article offers a brief contour of the differing interests in, and engagements with, the study of globalization and global history in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan. It argues that in the face of the onrush of globalization, each of these three regions, under the rubric of ‘Greater China’, has developed and adopted distinct strategies to perceive and interpret its multifaceted impact. Scholars, movie makers and journalists in mainland China, Taiwan and Hong Kong have appropriated different meanings of globalization and engaged with its multifarious impacts from their own localized concerns and interests. Globalization has generated more dialogues among the three entities and helped highlight their differences.