Hybrid Identity Formations in Muslim America: The Case of American Sufi Movements1


  • 1

    In an earlier paper, Marcia K. Hermansen, “In the Garden of American Sufi Movements: Hybrids and Perennials”: New Trends and Developments in the World of Islam, ed. Peter B. Clarke (London: Luzac, 1997), 155–78, I surveyed some of the same movements; therefore certain information and bibliographical citations are duplicated in the current study.