The struggle for reform: contested conceptualizations of iṣlāḥ in the Maghreb


  • Special thanks to Susanne Olsson (Södertörn University) for her comments and suggestions.


This contribution draws an historical and conceptual analysis of the concept of iṣlāḥ, which is traditionally understood as “reform” in general terms, and tries to stress the origins and the main conceptual paradigms of the two main ideological and political lines in which this concept has been developed and is still used in the Arab Maghreb by main political actors and thinkers.