Turning the “Heretics” into Loyal Muslim Subjects: Imperial Anxieties, the Politics of Religious Conversion, and the Yezidis in the Hamidian Era


  • An early version of this article was presented at the 2010 World Congress for Middle Eastern Studies convention (19–24 July 2010, Barcelona, Spain). I owe thanks to our panel organizer and chair, Birgit Schaebler, co-organizer and co-panelist Necati Alkan, and to my other co-panelists Laila Prager and Sebastian Maisel. My heartfelt thanks go to Çiğdem Akanyıldız, whose help, comments and suggestions were indispensible.