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Keywords:

  • blood donors;
  • steatohepatitis;
  • steatosis;
  • transaminases

Abstract: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) elevation in blood donors can be related to many variables such as viral hepatitis, overweight and ethanol consumption.

Background/Aims: This study aims to define factors associated with ALT elevation in candidates for blood donation, to evaluate ALT levels during follow-up, and to establish a histological diagnosis of hepatic disease.

Methods: Alcoholism, obesity, drug-induced liver disease, diabetes, hemochromatosis and α 1-anti-trypsin deficiency were investigated in 119 subjects (113 males, six females, aged 33.4±8.4 years) who were hepatitis B surface antigen/anti-hepatitis C virus negative and had been rejected as blood donors as a result of elevated ALT (>1.5 times the upper normal limit (UNL) in two determinations). During follow-up, ALT was determined every 8 weeks and liver biopsy recommended in cases with persistently elevated ALT levels.

Results: Obesity (30.2%) and alcoholism (28.6%) were most frequently associated with ALT elevation and in 9.2% of cases no association was found. ALT levels decreased significantly, regardless of the associated factor. Liver histology in 40 patients showed steatosis (35%), steatohepatitis (30%), non-specific reactive hepatitis (12.5% of cases), normal liver (15% of cases) and alcoholic cirrhosis, hemochromatosis and non-specific portal fibrosis in three cases.

Conclusion: ALT levels usually dropped during follow-up and although severe hepatic lesions can be found in asymptomatic blood donors, mild hepatic damage is the rule.